In this tutorial, we will look at how to create a density plot of a pandas series values.

## Pandas Series as Density Plot

To plot a pandas series, you can use the pandas series `plot()`

function. It plots a line chart of the series values by default but you can specify the type of chart to plot using the `kind`

parameter. To plot a density chart, pass `'density'`

to the `kind`

parameter. The following is the syntax:

# density plot using pandas series plot() s.plot(kind='density')

Here, s is the pandas series you want to plot. The pandas series `plot()`

function returns a matplotlib axes object to which you can add additional formatting.

## Examples

Let’s look at some examples of plotting a pandas series values as a density chart. First, we’ll create a sample pandas series which we will be using throughout this tutorial.

import pandas as pd # scores in the Math class math_scores = pd.Series(data=[72, 41, 65, 63, 82, 63, 51, 57, 39, 63, 62, 68, 52, 76, 62, 73, 72, 73, 71, 62, 76, 53, 71, 79, 77, 35, 65, 59, 58, 70, 73, 69, 59, 75, 73, 63, 65, 81, 46, 59, 53, 71, 79, 80, 60, 60, 64, 40, 73, 75, 68, 58, 81, 65, 55, 62, 82, 47, 85, 62, 39, 77, 82, 78, 57, 58, 72, 75, 65, 68, 86, 49, 39, 64, 54, 68, 85, 77, 62, 53, 52, 76, 80, 84, 69, 61, 69, 65, 89, 97, 71, 61, 77, 40, 83, 52, 78, 54, 64, 58], name='Scores') # display the series head print(math_scores.head())

Output:

0 72 1 41 2 65 3 63 4 82 Name: Scores, dtype: int64

You can see the top five values of the series object above. We now have a pandas series containing the scores of students in a Math class.

### 1. Density Plot of Series Values

To create a density plot, we’ll pass `kind='density'`

to the pandas series `plot()`

function. For example, let’s see its usage on the “math_scores” series created above.

math_scores.plot(kind='density')

The above plot shows the distribution of values in the series which closely resembles a bell curve. Notice, a large number of students got scores closer to the mean.

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For more on the pandas series plot() function, refer to its documentation.

### 2. Customize the plot formatting

You can also customize the formatting of the chart. For instance, you can add the axes labels, chart title, change colors and fonts, etc. Since the returned plot is a matplotlib axes object, you can apply any formatting that would work with matplotlib charts.

Let’s go ahead and add the x-axis label and title to our plot.

# create the density plot ax = math_scores.plot(kind='density') # set the x-axis label ax.set_xlabel("Scores") # set the title ax.set_title("Distribution of Math Scores of the Class")

Output:

You can see the above chart has “Scores” as its x-axis label, and “Distribution of Math Scores of the Class” as its title.

With this, we come to the end of this tutorial. The code examples and results presented in this tutorial have been implemented in a Jupyter Notebook with a python (version 3.8.3) kernel having pandas version 1.0.5

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Tutorials on pandas series –

- Convert Pandas Series to a DataFrame
- Convert Pandas Series to a List
- Convert Pandas Series to a NumPy Array
- Convert Pandas Series to a Dictionary
- Sort a Pandas Series
- Append Two Pandas Series
- Apply a Function to a Pandas Series
- Pandas – Shift column values up or down
- Plot a Histogram of Pandas Series Values
- Create a Pie Chart of Pandas Series Values
- Plot a Bar Chart of Pandas Series Values
- Create a Boxplot from Pandas Series Values
- Create a Density Plot from Pandas Series Values