In this tutorial, we will look at how to sort a vector in ascending order in the R programming language with the help of some examples.

## How do you sort a vector in R?

You can use the built-in `sort()`

function to sort a vector in R. It sorts the vector in ascending order by default.

The following is the syntax –

sort(x, decreasing=FALSE, na.last=NA)

It returns the sorted vector.

The `sort()`

function takes the following arguments –

`x`

– The object (in our case a vector) to sort.`decreasing`

(*optional*) – Whether to sort`x`

in descending order. It is`FALSE`

by default.`na.last`

(*optional*) – How to treat the`NA`

values in`x`

. If it’s`TRUE`

, the`NA`

values are put last, if it’s`FALSE`

, the`NA`

values are put first and if it’s`NA`

, the`NA`

values are removed in the sorted vector. It is`NA`

by default.

## Steps to sort a vector in ascending order in R

Let’s now look at a step-by-step example of using the `sort()`

function to sort a vector in ascending order.

### Step 1 – Create a vector

First, we will create a vector of some numbers that we will be using throughout this tutorial.

# create a vector vec <- c(4, 6, 2, 1, 3, 7, 5) # display the vector print(vec)

Output:

[1] 4 6 2 1 3 7 5

Here we created a vector, `vec`

containing some numbers. You can see that the values in `vec`

are not sorted.

### Step 2 – Sort the vector in ascending order

To sort the vector in ascending order, pass it to the `sort()`

function.

# sort vector new_vec <- sort(vec) # display the sorted vector print(new_vec)

Output:

[1] 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

Here, we used the default arguments for the `sort()`

function. You can see that the resulting vector is sorted in ascending order.

### Extra – Sort vector with `NA`

values in ascending order

What if we sort a vector containing `NA`

values in R?

Let’s find out.

# create a vector vec <- c(4, 6, 2, NA, 1, 3, NA, NA, 7, 5) # sort vector new_vec <- sort(vec) # display the sorted vector print(new_vec)

Output:

[1] 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

Here, we create a vector with some numbers and `NA`

values and then sort it in ascending order using the `sort()`

function. You can see that, by default, the `sort()`

function removed the `NA`

values and returned the sorted vector.

You can change this behavior. For example, if you don’t want to remove the `NA`

values and want them sorted to the end, pass `na.last = TRUE`

to the `sort()`

function.

# create a vector vec <- c(4, 6, 2, NA, 1, 3, NA, NA, 7, 5) # sort vector with NA to end new_vec <- sort(vec, na.last = TRUE) # display the sorted vector print(new_vec)

Output:

[1] 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 NA NA NA

The `NA`

values are sorted to the end.

If you want to keep the `NA`

values at the beginning of the sorted vector, pass `na.last = FALSE`

.

# create a vector vec <- c(4, 6, 2, NA, 1, 3, NA, NA, 7, 5) # sort vector with NA to start new_vec <- sort(vec, na.last = FALSE) # display the sorted vector print(new_vec)

Output:

[1] NA NA NA 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

The `NA`

values are at the beginning of the sorted vector.

## Summary – Sort Vector in Ascending Order in R

In this tutorial, we looked at how to sort a vector in ascending order in R. The following is a short summary of the steps mentioned in this tutorial.

- Create a vector (skip this step if you already have a vector to sort).
- Use the
`sort()`

function to sort the vector in ascending order. It removes the`NA`

values in the vector by default. To sort the`NA`

values to the end, pass`na.last = TRUE`

. To sort the`NA`

values to the start, pass`na.last = FALSE`

.

You might also be interested in –

- Get the Maximum value in an R Vector
- Check if an Element is present in an R Vector
- R – Count Occurrences of a Value in a Vector

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