convert numeric type vector to character type in R

Convert Numeric Type to Character Type in R

In this tutorial, we will look at how to convert a numeric type value (or collection) to character type in R with the help of some examples.

How to convert numeric type to character in R?

convert numeric type vector to character type in R

You can use the as.character() function in R to convert numeric type to character type in R. Pass the field (for example, a vector) as an argument to the function. The following is the syntax –


If you pass a vector to the above function, it returns a vector with each value converted to the character type. You can also use this function on dataframe columns in R (see the examples below).


Let’s now look at some examples of using the as.character() function in R.

Convert numeric type vector to character type vector

Let’s create a vector with numbers and then apply the as.character() function to convert them to character type values.

# create a vector
vec <- c(1, 2, 3, 4)
# convert to character type
vec <- as.character(vec)
# display the vector
# display vector's type


[1] "1" "2" "3" "4"
[1] "character"

You can see that the values in the resulting vector are of character type.

Convert numeric type dataframe column to character type

You can also use the as.character() function to change the data type of a dataframe column in R to the character type.

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Let’s look at an example.

First, we will create a dataframe with the height and weight information of some students in a university.

# create a data frame
df <- data.frame(
  "Name"= c("Tim", "Hasan", "Vlad", "Maria"),
  "Height"= c(168, 174, 162, 158),
  "Weight"= c(73, 81, 65, 55)

# display the dataframe


   Name Height Weight
1   Tim    168     73
2 Hasan    174     81
3  Vlad    162     65
4 Maria    158     55

You can see that the “Height” and “Weight” columns in the above dataframe are of numeric type. Let’s change the type of the “Height” column to the character type using the as.character() function.

# convert "Height" column to character type
df$Height <- as.character(df$Height)

# display "Height" column's type


[1] "character"

You can see that the “Height” column is now of character data type.

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  • Piyush Raj

    Piyush is a data professional passionate about using data to understand things better and make informed decisions. He has experience working as a Data Scientist in the consulting domain and holds an engineering degree from IIT Roorkee. His hobbies include watching cricket, reading, and working on side projects.

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