Python String Lowercase – With Examples

In python, the built-in string function lower() is used to convert a string to lowercase. It converts all uppercase characters in a string to lowercase and returns it.

s = "THIS IS SPARTA!"
print(s.lower())

Output:

this is sparta!

  • Syntax
  • Examples
  • How to check if a python string is lowercase or not?

The following is the syntax for using the string lower() function:

string.lower()

Parameters:

The string lower function does not take any parameters.

Returns:

A string with all the cased characters converted to lowercase.

Example 1: Convert string with a mix of lowercase and uppercase characters to lowercase.

s = "tHiS iS sPArTa!"
# original string
print("Original String: ", s)
# after converting to lowercase
s_lower = s.lower()
print("After Converting:", s_lower)

Output:

Original String:  tHiS iS sPArTa!
After Converting: this is sparta!

In the above example, all the uppercase characters have been converted to lowercase while the lowercase characters and non-cased characters remain unchanged.

Example 2: Convert string without any alphabetical character to lowercase.

s = "123 #$% <>!?"
# original string
print("Original String: ", s)
# after converting to lowercase
s_lower = s.upper()
print("After Converting:", s_lower)

Output:

Original String:  123 #$% <>!?
After Converting: 123 #$% <>!?

In the above example, since the string did not have any cased characters (that is, characters associated with a case like lowercase, uppercase or title case) we get the same string without any changes on applying the lower() function.

Example 3: Using the python string lowercase function to match strings.

Often it’s required to check if two strings are the same irrespective of their case. For example, you have the names of all your leads collected via a form on your website and its quite possible that many of them didn’t use a style convention like using titlecase (e.g. John Doe ), some may have filled it in all lower or all uppercase as well. In such a scenario, you can match the two strings by converting both to either upper, lower, or title case.

# matching strings
# list of names 
ls = ["Bruce Banner", "peter Parkar", "STEVE RODERS"]
# name to match for
name = "Peter Parkar"
# check whether the name is present in the list
for l in ls:
    # match for the name
    if l.lower() == name.lower():
        print("Match found for", name)

Output:

Match found for Peter Parkar

In the above example, we check whether a name is present in a list irrespective of the case of the strings.

We can check whether a string is lowercase or not using the islower() function. It’s a string function that returns True if all the cased characters in the string are in lowercase. If the string does not contain any cased characters or any of the cased characters are not lowercase then it returns False.

Example:

s = "this is sparta!"
print(s.islower())

Output:

True

In the above example, since all the cased characters are in lowercase the islower() function returns True.

For more, refer to python string methods docs.

Other articles on python strings:


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