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Python – Intersection of two or more Sets

In this tutorial, we will look at how to get the intersection of two or more sets in Python with the help of some examples.

Venn diagram of intersection of two sets

The intersection operation between two sets results in a set containing all the common elements between both the sets. Let’s look at an example.

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Diagram showing intersection operation between two sets.

Here, you can see that the result of intersection of sets A and B is a set containing just three which is only the common element between both the sets.

Python comes with a built-in set data structure to implement a set. It also has a number of additional functions to help you with common operations on sets such as union, intersection, difference, etc.

To get the intersection between two or more sets in Python, you can use the set intersection() function. The following is the syntax:

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# intersection of two sets - a and b

It returns a new set containing the common elements between sets a and b. Let’s see an example.

# create two sets
a = {1,2,3}
b = {3,7,2,6}
# intersection between two sets


{2, 3}

We get the resulting set as {2, 3} as these are the only elements common between the intersecting sets.

To get the intersection of more than two sets at once, you can use the following syntax.

# intersection of more than two sets, for example, a,b,c,d

Pass the sets (apart from the first one) as arguments to the intersection() function. It returns a set containing the common elements from all the sets involved in the intersection operation. Let’s look at an example.

# create four sets
a = {1,2,3}
b = {4,5,2,1}
c = {0,1,7,2}
d = {4,3,2}
# intersection between the above four sets



Two is the only common element between the four sets hence we get {2} as the result of the intersection operation.

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Alternatively, you can also use the & operator to get the intersection between two or more sets. For example –

# alternative method
e = a & b & c & d



We get the same result as above.

Note that the & operator for intersection only works on sets where as you can pass other iterables like lists, tuples, etc. to the set intersection() function.

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  • Piyush Raj

    Piyush is a data professional passionate about using data to understand things better and make informed decisions. He has experience working as a Data Scientist in the consulting domain and holds an engineering degree from IIT Roorkee. His hobbies include watching cricket, reading, and working on side projects.