The Numpy library in Python comes with a number of useful functions and methods to work with and manipulate the data in arrays. In this tutorial, we will look at how to set all the non-zero values in a Numpy array to one with the help of some examples.

## Steps to set all non zero values to one in Numpy

You can use boolean indexing to set all the non zero values in a Numpy array to one. The following is the syntax –

# set non-zero values to one ar[ar != 0] = 1

It replaces the non-zero values in the array `ar`

with `1`

.

Let’s now look at a step-by-step example of using this syntax –

### Step 1 – Create a Numpy array

First, we will create a Numpy array that we will use throughout this tutorial.

import numpy as np # create numpy array ar = np.array([-3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3]) # display the array print(ar)

Output:

[-3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3]

Here, we used the `numpy.array()`

function to create a one-dimensional Numpy array containing some numbers. You can see that the array has both positive and negative values (along with a zero).

### Step 2 – Make non-zero values one using boolean indexing

Using boolean indexing identify the values that are not equal to zero and then set them to `1`

.

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First, we will specify our boolean expression `ar != 0`

(which finds the non-zero values in the array) and then set values satisfying this condition to one.

# set non-zero values to one ar[ar != 0] = 1 # display the array print(ar)

Output:

[1 1 1 0 1 1 1]

The resulting array has all the non-zero values replaced with one.

To understand what’s happening here, let’s look under the hood. Let’s see what we get from the expression `ar != 0`

# create a numpy array ar = np.array([-3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3]) # result of boolean expression ar != 0 ar != 0

Output:

array([ True, True, True, False, True, True, True])

We get a boolean array. The boolean values in this array represent whether a value at a particular index satisfies the given condition or not (in our case whether the element is not equal to zero or not).

When we do `ar[ar != 0] = 1`

, we are essentially setting the values in the array where the condition evaluates to `True`

to `1`

.

You can similarly filter a Numpy array for other conditions as well.

## Summary – Set non-zero values to `1`

in Numpy

In this tutorial, we looked at how to set all the non-zero values in a Numpy array to one. The following is a short summary of the steps mentioned –

- Create a Numpy array (skip this step if you already have an array to operate on).
- Use boolean indexing to find the non-zero values and then set them to one –
`ar[ar != 0] = 1`

You might also be interested in –

- Numpy – Make All Negative Values Zero in Array
- Numpy Array – Get All Values Smaller than a Given Value
- Filter a Numpy Array – With Examples

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