The Numpy library in Python comes with a number of built-in functions to perform common mathematical operations on arrays. In this tutorial, we will look at one such function that helps us get the elementwise sign (positive, negative, or zero) of a Numpy array with the help of some examples.
How to get the sign of values in Numpy array?
You can use the
numpy.sign() function to get the sign of each element in a Numpy array. Pass the array as an argument.
The following is the syntax –
It returns an array containing the sign of each element. A positive element has sign 1, a negative element has sign -1, and zero has sign 0. (We’re basically applying the mathematical signum function on each element).
Let’s now look at a step-by-step example of using the
Step 1 – Create a Numpy array
First, we will create a Numpy array that we will use throughout this tutorial.
import numpy as np # create numpy array ar = np.array([1, -3, 4, 0, 5, -2, -7]) # display the array print(ar)
[ 1 -3 4 0 5 -2 -7]
Here, we used the
numpy.array() function to create a Numpy array containing some numbers. You can see that this array contains both positive and negative numbers (along with a 0).
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Step 2 – Get the sign of every element using
To get the sign of each element in a Numpy array, pass the array as an argument to the
Let’s get the sign of elements in the array created above.
# get the sign of each element np.sign(ar)
array([ 1, -1, 1, 0, 1, -1, -1])
We get a Numpy array with the sign of each element in the array
numpy.sign() function works similarly on higher-dimensional arrays. For example, let’s apply this function to a 2D array of some numbers.
# create 2D numpy array ar = np.array([[1, -3, 4], [0, 5, -2], [-6, 8, -7]]) # get the sign of each element np.sign(ar)
array([[ 1, -1, 1], [ 0, 1, -1], [-1, 1, -1]])
You can see that we get the sign of each element in the 2D array.
For more on the
numpy.sign() function, refer to its documentation.
You might also be interested in –
- Get the Median of Numpy Array – (With Examples)
- Numpy – Get Standard Deviation of Array Values
- Numpy – Get Min Value in Array
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