In this tutorial, we will look at how to get the first and the last element in a deque in Python (without deleting any elements) with the help of some examples.
deque in Python
collections module in Python comes with a
deque class that you can use to implement a stack or queue data structure in Python. Deques support thread-safe, memory efficient appends and pops from either side of the deque with approximately the same O(1) performance in either direction.
In simple terms, you can think of a
deque in Python as a list-like data structure but with efficient insertion and removal of items from either end (left and right). This makes them very useful when implementing a stack or queue functionality in Python.
How to get the first and the last element in a deque in Python?
Deques in Python make it very easy to add and remove elements from either end.
You can use the
pop() function to get the last element in the deque and the
popleft() function to get the first element in the deque but these methods modify the deque by removing the concerned element.
What if you just want to get the first and/or the last element without modifying the deque object?
Similar to lists, deques in Python are indexed starting from 0 and thus you can use the index 0 to get the first element and the index -1 to get the last element in a deque.
The following is the syntax –
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# get the first element in the deque "queue" queue # get the last element in the deque "queue" queue
This is similar to how you’d get the first and last values in any ordered iterable in Python.
Let’s now look at some examples of using the above syntax
First, let’s create a deque with some elements.
from collections import deque # create a deque queue = deque([1, 2, 3]) # print the deque print(queue)
deque([1, 2, 3])
Here, we imported the
deque class from the
collections module and created a deque object,
queue with some numbers. You can see that the deque contains three values 1, 2, and 3.
Example 1 – Get the first element in a deque
To get the first element in a deque, access the value at the index 0 using
# first value in the deque print(queue)
We get the first value in the deque,
Example 2 – Get the last element in a deque
To get the last element in a deque, access the value at the last index (using a negative index can be helpful here). The index
-1 represent the index of the last value.
# last value in the deque print(queue[-1])
We get the last value in the deque,
You might also be interested in –
- Python – Count occurrences of a value in deque
- Python – Create a deque copy
- Python – Rotate a Deque to the Right and Left
- Python – Extend deque to the left
- Python – Extend deque to the right
- Python – Get the Max Size of a Deque
- Python – Reverse a deque
- Python – Get Index of a Value in Deque
- Python – Remove Element by Value in Deque
- Python – Remove all elements from a deque (clear deque)
- Python – Append Element to a Deque
- Python – Append Element to the Left in Deque
- Python – Pop Element From Left in Deque
- Python – Pop Element From the End in Deque
- Python – Insert Element at a given Index in Deque
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